A migraine is a headache with throbbing pain that is usually worse on one side of the head. The pain is often severe enough to hamper daily activities and may last from four hours to three days if untreated. One in ten people in the U.S. can have migraines. Foods, stress, hormones, and muscle pain can trigger a migraine headache. Unlike the occasional headache, the chronic migraine condition is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, intense sensitivity to light and noise, and moderate to severe pain.
The addition of Botox headache shots could be significant for some chronic migraine patients who do not respond to the standard treatments. Standard medications include various anti-inflammatory medicines, triptans, pain medicines, blood pressure treatment, antidepressants, and seizure medications. Most of these medicines are taken daily to prevent the headache.
Candidates for Botox include those patients with painful migraines at least 15 days out of every month even with the above medications.
The Botox injections are given 3 months apart at the onset of treatment and then depending on how the patient fares can be less frequently.